BALTECH card used to set a bus address for a reader.
Operation mode in which the reader works completely autonomously, reads the required data from project cards, and interacts with card holders. Besides, the reader forwards the data read from the card to the host system or buffers it so the host system can retrieve it (learn more).
Editable format of a reader configuration
BRP (BALTECH Reader Protocol)
Protocol to send all commands supported by BALTECH readers (learn more). Via BRP, you can set up bidirectional communication between the host application and the reader, e.g. to not only poll the reader for results, but also to reset the reader or update its firmware.
BRP Communication Library
Card Formatter Tool
Group of card types using the same communication protocol
Card product name, e.g. Hitag, LEGIC, or MIFARE DESFire
Config Security Code
Measure to protect project settings against tampering (learn more)
BALTECH card on which a reader configuration can be stored. Recommended solution to distribute a configuration to readers that cannot easily be connected to a computer.
Part of a reader configuration. It defines how to communicate with the host system and what feedback to give to the card holder interacting with the reader.
Process in which project-specific encryption keys and access conditions are
applied to a project card. For cards shipped without a defined memory structure
(e.g. LEGIC), the memory structure is applied during formatting as well.
To format a card, you can use the command VHL.formatcall_made or the Card Formatter Tool. The latter also programs a PCN to the card.
System to which a reader transmits the data read from the card and/or from which the reader receives commands. Usually, the host system consists of an application and a database with the expected data.
IC (Integrated Circuit)
Also referred to as (micro) chip. In SmartCards, an IC serves as the memory unit to store e.g. a PCN.
BALTECH tool for Windows PC to access reader details and analyze the structure of project cards. Part of BALTECH ToolSuite.
MAC (Message Authentication Code)
Short piece of information added to a message before sending. A MAC confirms that the message came from the stated sender and has not been changed, i.e. it protects message integrity (while encryption protects confidentiality).
MAD (MIFARE Application Directory)
List of applications on a MIFARE Classic/Plus card. Each application is associated with a sector of the card's memory.
Mode in which you get full unencrypted access to an Ethernet reader. This mode is recommended for troubleshooting and development (learn more).
PCN (Programmed Card Number)
Project-specific card number stored in the card's memory, usually encrypted.
Typically, 125 kHz cards only have a UID and no PCN. 13.56 MHz cards have a UID or random ID, but may also have a PCN. iClass cards are already shipped with PCNs by default, while MIFARE and LEGIC cards need to have it programmed. Usually, this has already been done when you receive the cards for your project - if not, you can program the PCN yourself using BALTECH Card Formatter Tool.
PKI Certificate Manager
BALTECH tool to create custom X.509 certificates for PKI-encrypted communication between a host and BALTECH Ethernet readers (learn more)
Part of a reader configuration that defines what data to read from a project card.
For privacy reasons, ISO 14443 cards may return random IDs, i.e. a different fake (and thus unusable) UID every time they're read. To check if this is true for your card, read its UID twice and compare the numbers. In case of random UIDs, you'll need an encryption key to read the real UID. You can use any key associated with your card.
BALTECH tool for Windows PC via which you can give BALTECH support employees access to your computer for troubleshooting purposes. Part of BALTECH ToolSuite.
RF (Radio Frequency)
Frequencies above those of audible sound waves. RF serves as an over-the-air interface for communication between readers and cards.
RFID (Radio-frequency identification)
Technology for contactless identification and localization of objects using a transponder (also referred to as a radio tag) containing an identifying code
SDK (Software Development Kit)
UID (Unique Identifier)
Serial number of a project card